What’s Tax Planning? A Full Information

With each paycheck you obtain comes taxes. It’s pure to need to save as a lot of your hard-earned cash as doable, and tax planning helps you to do exactly that inside the constraints of the legislation. Not solely do you keep compliant by doing all your tax planning, however you additionally additional the nation’s financial development and assist it develop. On this tax planning information, we’ll cowl the whole lot – From the definition of tax planning to understanding its significance, exploring efficient methods, and avoiding frequent errors. Let’s go!

What’s Tax Planning?

We’ll begin with the tax planning that means. How are you going to save your taxes? Nicely broadly, there are 3 ways folks can accomplish that. First is by exploiting tax loopholes or avoiding paying taxes. That is known as tax avoidance. One also can intentionally conceal their revenue or present false info on function. That is known as tax evasion. The third manner of minimising your tax liabilities is by arranging your funds in such a manner that may make the most of accessible tax deductions, advantages, and exemptions given by the federal government to scale back your internet taxable revenue successfully. 

That is known as tax planning. Tax avoidance and evasion have very severe authorized penalties. Adopting these approaches will get one entangled in authorized points, they face hefty fines, injury their repute, and destroy the monetary stability of their household. That’s why you must at all times plan on your taxes. It makes positive you might be compliant with the legislation and safeguards your long-term monetary well-being, whereas additionally optimising your tax financial savings.

Additionally Learn: What are Tax Planning, Avoidance and Evasion? Know Key Variations

Understanding Tax Planning

In India, the Revenue Tax Act of 1961 governs the taxation of revenue. Its varied sections and subsections include many deductions, exemptions, and advantages which are utilized in tax planning in revenue tax. Maximising these deductions and exemptions helps one scale back taxable revenue, which ends up in tax financial savings. Lawmakers usually overview tax legal guidelines to verify they continue to be related, truthful, and efficient in attaining their supposed objectives, so amendments are launched. However tax planning in india noticed a twist with the introduction of the brand new tax regime within the Union Funds 2020. This new system gives decrease tax charges, however one should additionally forgo the numerous tax advantages such because the 80C investments by adopting the brand new regime. These advantages nevertheless are nonetheless current within the previous tax regime. 

Tax Planning Course of

Typically, tax planning includes the next steps:

Step 1. Tax planning begins by assessing one’s monetary scenario. By taking into consideration complete revenue, bills, investments, and different belongings you will get a giant image of your monetary well being. Revenue is a very powerful side to guage right here. Think about each supply of revenue akin to wage, revenue from promoting belongings like mutual funds or shares, curiosity from financial institution fastened deposit, freelance work, or revenue from a enterprise. 

Step 2. Then, it’s a must to work out which points of your revenue are taxable and which aren’t. For instance, for a salaried worker, the Home Lease Allowance is part of the general package deal and is a part exempt from tax as much as a sure restrict. Doing so may help you’re employed out your taxable revenue and determine your present tax burden. Solely then are you able to proceed to scale back it. 

Step 3. Subsequent, it is advisable establish methods in which you’ll be able to scale back your taxable revenue. The Revenue Tax Act offers varied exemptions and deductions that can be utilized to decrease your taxable revenue, akin to:

  • Investing in schemes just like the Public Provident Fund (PPF), Nationwide Pension Scheme (NPS), Senior Citizen Financial savings Scheme (SCSS), and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) lets you earn a reasonable return on funding whereas permitting you to assert a deduction of as much as Rs. 1.5 lakh below Part 80C.
  • If in case you have a house mortgage, you can too declare deductions below Part 80C of as much as Rs. 1.5 lakh for the annual revenue spent on reimbursement of the principal quantity. On prime of that, as much as Rs. 2 lakh might be availed in deductions for curiosity funds on residence loans below Part 24.
  • In case you purchase a medical health insurance coverage for your self, you will get a good thing about Rs. 25,000 on premiums paid below Part 80D. Masking your dad or mum’s well being may help you get an extra deduction of Rs. 25,000, which rises to Rs. 50,000 if they’re senior residents. 
  • Life insurance policy additionally give tax advantages below Part 80C and Part 10 (10D). Investing in Unit Linked Insurance coverage Plan (ULIP) offers a chance to avail tax deductions on premiums paid.
  • Part 80E lets you declare deductions on curiosity paid on training loans.
  • In case you make a charitable donation, you will get deduction advantages below Part 80G. 
  • As much as a selected restrict, allowances akin to Home Lease Allowance (HRA), conveyance allowance, and Depart Journey Allowance (LTA) are additionally exempt from tax.
  • These are just a few examples. One can recover from 70 deductions and exemptions below the previous tax regime. The brand new tax regime additionally gives some exemptions, however they aren’t as substantial because the previous tax regime. That’s why it’s vital to evaluate which regime may help you save extra earlier than you file your taxes. 

Step 4. Based mostly in your monetary scenario, objectives, and preferences, develop and implement your technique. This may increasingly imply investing in submit workplace schemes, getting insured, or investing in ELSS. A tax planner may help you establish the optimum alternatives that scale back your tax legal responsibility whereas staying hand-in-hand along with your general monetary plan. 

Step 5. After you might have applied your technique, it’s a must to overview it often. Tax legislation modifications usually, which suggests new alternatives and dangers may come up. Keep up to date and reassess your plan yearly so you may make positive it stays aligned along with your monetary objectives and continues to maximise tax financial savings successfully. For instance, people have the choice to change between the previous and the brand new tax regimes each monetary yr. In case you calculate and evaluate the tax implications below each regimes beforehand, you may make an knowledgeable resolution on which one is extra helpful on your particular monetary scenario in a selected monetary yr.

So if you’re questioning The best way to Make a tax Plan, you’ll be able to observe the above steps and get began. Bear in mind, the sooner you begin the higher as a result of that manner you gained’t must make hasty selections and make investments a big lump sum someplace to decrease your taxable revenue. It would can help you take the SIP route and slowly construct your tax-saving investments with out harming your funds.

Goal of Tax Planning

Together with danger planning, funding planning, and emergency planning, tax planning types an integral a part of your general monetary plan. With correct tax planning, you’ll be able to obtain the next:

  • It might probably enable you minimise your tax liabilities legally. That is the primary goal of tax planning. That is completed by lowering one’s internet taxable revenue through the use of the assorted exemptions, deductions, and different advantages allowed by revenue tax legal guidelines.
  • Some people use tax avoidance or tax evasion to avoid wasting their cash. Such strategies are usually not solely ethically mistaken but in addition unlawful. Participating in these practices exposes people to extreme authorized penalties, akin to hefty fines and even imprisonment. With correct tax recommendation from a tax advisor, one can guarantee compliance with tax legal guidelines and laws and keep away from litigation.
  • Tax planning also can assist people create wealth. For the reason that widespread methods to get deductions within the Revenue Tax Act are the 80C investments, one doesn’t simply scale back their taxable revenue, however the reasonable returns from long-term financial savings devices such because the Public Provident Fund and ELSS may help you get monetary savings for retirement or some other long-term monetary objectives.

Advantages of Tax Planning

There are various benefits of tax planning. Listed below are a few of them:

  • With tax planning, you’ll be able to scale back your internet taxable revenue, thus paying much less tax and saving extra.
  • It ensures that you just keep compliant with the tax authorities and legal guidelines, so it helps you keep away from penalties and fines.
  • With extra financial savings, you’ll be able to redirect funds in the direction of attaining your different monetary objectives, akin to investing for retirement, constructing an emergency fund, paying off money owed, and planning on your kids’s future.
  • Because it eliminates any concern of litigation, tax planning gives peace of thoughts.
  • Tax planning helps companies handle money circulation and optimise their operations for max tax effectivity.
  • Your sincere tax contribution contributes to the nation’s financial development and helps the federal government spend money on public companies, training, healthcare, and infrastructure, in the end bettering the standard of life for the residents.
  • With the assistance of a tax planner, not solely are you able to minimise your tax burden and keep away from litigation, but in addition you could find tax-saving alternatives that align along with your general monetary plan and objectives. Thus, it offers you with the twin good thing about lowering your tax legal responsibility whereas concurrently optimising your monetary technique for long-term success.

Additionally Learn: Tricks to Save Revenue Tax on Wage

Kinds of Tax Planning

There are several types of tax planning primarily based on varied points such because the length of the planning horizon and the character of economic objectives. Right here they’re:

1. Lengthy-term Tax Planning

One begins long-term tax planning at the start of the monetary yr. Let’s take an instance. Suppose you begin investing in a tax-saving mutual fund, additionally known as an Fairness-Linked Financial savings Scheme. ELSS offers advantages as much as Rs. 1.5 lakh below Part 80C. In case you choose to take the SIP route, you’ll commit your self to creating common and stuck funds all year long. 

You’ll not get rapid tax advantages, however on the finish of the yr, it should enable you decrease your taxable revenue. That is what this kind of tax planning does. It doesn’t supply tax advantages instantly, however moderately, in the long term. Different methods to do tax planning in the long run embody making contributions to devices such because the Public Provident Fund, or the Nationwide Pension Scheme. Lengthy-term tax planning helps buyers not solely save tax but in addition helps them accumulate wealth to realize objectives akin to a financially stress-free retirement.

2. Quick-term Tax Planning

Alternatively, short-term tax planning helps one avail rapid tax advantages. Since it’s completed nearer to the top of the monetary yr, it usually requires investing a big quantity in a single go, moderately than spreading it out by way of SIP as one may do in long-term planning. This could probably disrupt the funds.

3. Permissive Tax Planning

The sort of tax planning contains utilizing provisions inside the tax legislation to minimise tax legal responsibility. For instance, the Revenue Tax Act of 1961 permits people to make the most of varied deductions and exemptions by investing in choices below Part 80C. It additionally permits deductions on premiums paid in the direction of life and medical health insurance below Part 80C/ 10(10)D and Part 80D respectively. Beneath Part 80G, one may even get deductions by making donations to charitable or political causes. One also can get tax advantages by repaying residence mortgage curiosity below Part 24B, and on reimbursement of training mortgage below Part 80E.

4. Purposive Tax Planning

Once you plan with a selected objective in thoughts, tax planning is claimed to be purposive. For instance, if you wish to scale back your tax liabilities by way of Part 80C of the Revenue Tax Act, you may purposefully spend money on tax-saving devices just like the Public Provident Fund or Nationwide Financial savings Certificates. Nonetheless, these investments give advantages as much as a restrict, and their returns are reasonable. With purposive tax planning, one will maximise the advantages given by these devices by investing as much as that restrict, and diversify their funding portfolio to incorporate different choices that complement their monetary objectives and danger tolerance.

Widespread Errors to Keep away from in Tax Planning

  • When minimising their tax burden, folks usually are inclined to overlook their general monetary plan. Simply since you are targeted on lowering taxes doesn’t imply you must neglect different vital monetary objectives. In case you make a hasty resolution and spend money on an instrument that doesn’t essentially align along with your long-term view solely to avoid wasting taxes instantly, it will possibly show dangerous. 
  • The tax submitting course of will also be a bit complicated, particularly if you’re adopting the previous tax regime as it’s a must to consider varied deductions and exemptions. Be sure to have all the required paperwork on the time of submitting. Lack of correct documentation and incorrect reporting can result in fines and delays in tax refunds. 
  • Ready till the final minute also can restrict the variety of tax-saving alternatives, so it’s advisable to start out planning on your tax as quickly as doable.
  • When unsure, at all times seek the advice of a tax advisor. What labored on your mates and kin might not essentially give you the results you want since everybody has a singular monetary scenario. 
  • Tax-saving devices can help you declare a deduction solely as much as a sure restrict. Don’t spend money on such devices any greater than it is advisable, except additionally they align along with your monetary objectives. 


As dutiful residents, we have to fulfil our tax obligations and contribute to the nation’s development. However one doesn’t have to pay any extra taxes than mandatory. The federal government has made provisions within the tax legal guidelines to permit us to optimise our tax liabilities by way of varied deductions, exemptions, and different advantages. It’s our duty to make the most of these alternatives whereas making certain compliance with the legislation. Via tax planning, one can do all this effectively, and luxuriate in better monetary safety and peace of thoughts. The start of the monetary yr offers an exquisite alternative to start out tax planning early, so get began at this time!


What do you imply by tax planning?

Tax planning is the method of minimising one’s tax legal responsibility legally by making use of the assorted deductions, exemptions and advantages offered by the tax legal guidelines. This fashion, one can optimise their funds, save extra of their hard-earned cash and obtain their monetary objectives quicker. All whereas making certain compliance.

Why is Tax Planning vital?

Tax planning is vital because it helps you scale back tax burden whereas making certain authorized compliance. It optimises your financial savings and helps you realise your monetary goals.

When ought to I begin tax planning?

The very best time to start out planning for taxes is as quickly as you probably can. The perfect time for tax planning is the start of the monetary yr because it helps you maximise tax-saving alternatives, with out straining your funds an excessive amount of.

Who wants tax planning?

Tax planning is vital for any particular person or enterprise seeking to save as a lot of their hard-earned cash as doable legally. In case you earn an revenue topic to revenue tax, you’ll be able to profit so much from tax planning.

The best way to rent a trusted tax marketing consultant?

You may contact Fincart and begin your tax planning journey at this time. We perceive our shopper’s wants and minimise their tax liabilities legally by way of customised tax plans that align with their monetary objectives. We perceive and optimise your wage breakup, revenue sources, and ongoing investments, and suggest tax-saving alternatives.

The best way to save taxes in India with the assistance of Tax Planning?

It can save you taxes by benefiting from the numerous deductions and exemptions given within the Revenue Tax Act, akin to: Investing in tax-saving avenues such because the Public Provident Fund (PPF) and Fairness-Linked Financial savings Scheme (ELSS) to get advantages as much as Rs. 1.5 lakh below Part 80C. By claiming deductions on premiums paid on medical health insurance below Part 80D. By claiming deductions on curiosity paid on residence loans below Part 24, and lots of extra.


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